Indonesia: 12th stimulus policy – Further Streamlining in Various Permits
The government released the details of its 12th stimulus policy, which mostly aim to further simplify various permits in doing business. While the latest policy appears to be an accentuation of previous stimulus to streamlines business process, in our view the government continues to show its focus to attract more investment into domestic economy, especially given sizeable contribution from Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) to overall Indonesia’s economy. Efforts to lure more investment
President Joko Widodo through several cabinet meetings has emphasized his means to increase the rating of the country’s Ease of Doing Business (EODB) to the 40th rank. The World Bank surveyed that Indonesia stood at rank 109th from a total of 189 surveyed countries. Other ASEAN countries such as Singapore and Malaysia stand at the 1st and 18th rank of the list. Currently, there are 10 indicators that measure the EODB rank for a country. The indicators are business starting process, construction permit dealing process, tax payment, credit accessibility, contract enforcement, electricity supply, across border trading, insolvency settlement, and minority investors protection. To comply with the indicators, the Indonesian Economic Ministry along with the Investment Coordinating Board formed deregulations through the 12th Economic Stimulus. Key points of the 12th stimulus policy
The 12th stimulus introduced a new deregulation scheme that will cut 94 procedures into only 49 procedures and 9 permits to only 6 permits. Furthermore, the stimulus package is followed by the release of 16 new regulations.
¨ For the business starting process, the initial regulation requires investors to go through 13 procedures that will take 47 days and IDR6.8m-7.8m to obtain Business Permit (SIUP), Company Registration (TDP), Deed of Establishment, location permit, and nuisance permit. With the deregulation, investors will only need 7-10 days procedure with IDR2.7m fee. Moreover, the government will only require 3 permits for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME), which are SIUP, TDP, and deed of establishment.
¨ The government also released a new regulation through regulation no 7/2016 on changes in authorised capital for limited company. With the new regulation, MSME’s authorised capital will be determined by mutual agreement of the founders as outlined in the deed of establishment. However, the regulation will keep enacting the minimum requirement of IDR50m for limited company.
¨ As for building construction permit, the government will cut the process into 14 procedures within 52 days from initial of 17 procedures and 210 days of processing time. Moreover, the building construction permit fee will be reduced to IDR70m from the initial fee of IDR86m.
¨ Tax payment process will be cut into 10x payments with online system from an initial of 54x payments. While property registration will be cut into 3 procedures in 7 days with a fee of 8.3% from the value of property. The government previously imposed 5 procedures with 25 processing days and 10.8% fee for the property registration.
¨ The government also decreases the simple lawsuit settlement process to only 8 procedures in 28 days. Any disagreement on the verdict will be able to appeal with additional 3 procedures and maximum of 10 days of settlement.
Follow-up measure to reduce overall execution risk
Before the release of the 12th stimulus package, the government has released a total of 195 regulations from September 2015- April 2016. The government stated that as of 18 April, it has successfully completed 169 regulations or 87% from the total regulation released. There are 16 (8%) regulations that are still in the discussion process, while the remaining 10 regulations that will be taken out from the Economic Stimulus Package. The government stated that each packages received positive responses from investors and citizens. However, the government will increase its socialisation and evaluate the implementation through dissemination and business clinics. The business clinics aimed to further discuss the stimulus packages with stakeholders to ensure the on the ground efficiency of the packages. Moreover, the business clinic will also serve as the communication facility between investors and government to resolve any problems, including the export increment issues. The clinics and dissemination will be implemented in 3 regions, such as Palembang, Balikpapan, and Lombok. The near term catalyst is the tax amnesty approval
We continue to believe that tax amnesty approval could serve as one of major catalyst in the near term. Post the Parliament’s recess session, the long-awaited tax amnesty bill is finally being discussed under the Commission XI, which has been holding hearing sessions with experts, business leaders and other stakeholders. Given its importance on the overall budget and the progress of infrastructure development, the Government is mulling over the fact that the bill could take effect in June. We believe the initial approval of the tax amnesty could be an important catalyst for the near term, as well as a major step taken in the right direction to finally foster the compliance of taxpayers – which could help solidify the Government’s overall budget composition going forward. As such, we expect further foreign fund inflows to support the market post the approval of the tax amnesty although we acknowledge that execution risks still remain at this juncture. Our top pick in the market are $BBCA